A 2020 publication by Farlow Alumni Liam F. Nokes, Danny Haelewaters, and Donald H. Pfister in the New England Botanical Society's Rhodora was recently awarded an honorable mention by the Club's Fernald Award Committee for exploring an important question in the matter of ecological monitoring. Liam, a high school student at the time of publication, is recognized for the quality of field work and analysis in "Exploration of Marine Lichenized Fungi as Bioindicators of Coastal Ocean Pollution in the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area." The paper provides potentially important information on the use of marine lichens as indicator species.
This preliminary exploration of marine lichenized fungi (lichens) as bioindicators of water pollution examined the distribution of intertidal lichen communities in the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area with respect to recorded pollution throughout the harbor. We found significant negative associations between pollution measurements and the health of the lichen community based on cover and species richness. We also observed significant differences in species composition between areas of higher pollution and areas of lower pollution, though not enough data are available to establish the pollution sensitivity or tolerance of individual species. We note that difficulties in the collection and identification of marine lichens hamper efforts to use them broadly as bioindicators. This study suggests that marine lichens could prove useful as bioindicators, but more research is needed to understand the differential effects of pollution on individual species as well as to establish practical procedures both for quantifying marine lichen community health and for widespread bioindication using marine lichens. Finally, one species collected during this study, Verrucaria ceuthocarpa, represents a first report for the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area.
Liam F. Nokes, Danny Haelewaters, and Donald H. Pfister "Exploration of Marine Lichenized Fungi as Bioindicators of Coastal Ocean Pollution in the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area," Rhodora 122 (992), 251-273, (12 April 2022). https://doi.org/10.3119/20-10